As a child care provider and administrator I had a tendency to “go nuclear” when it came to sanitizing and disinfecting. My philosophy was “If a little is good, then a lot must be even better.” The smell of bleach made me feel that things must be clean. What I know now is that I was putting additional toxins in the environment unnecessarily (not to mention ruining the backs of a few precious outfits that came in contact with heavy bleach solutions on the diaper changing table). Clean, sanitize and disinfect have different purposes and we need to make choices based upon the situation.
What I have found from my recent work with early childhood professionals is that many are confused by when to sanitize, when to disinfect and exactly what the difference is. Here is an excellent Cleaning and Sanitation chart from NAEYC that includes definitions and when to use what solution. Appendix J of Caring for Our Children also shares excellent information on mixing your bleach solutions or using an alternative to bleach.
Be sure to check out this video from ISU Extension and Outreach on the proper table sanitation procedure -
- Are you mixing the correct solution concentration for the task at hand?
- Are you following all the steps to properly sanitize your table?
- Are you keeping children at a safe distance when using bleach and other chemical?
To share your thoughts on this discussion, go to http://blogs.extension.iastate.edu/childcare/sanitizedisinfect/
Health & Safety
Group care is different than caring for your own children or grandchildren. So, it makes sense that a diaper change in child care would be different than one we might do on our own kids. In a situation where we are professional caregivers working to reduce contamination and sanitation issues, then it stands to reason we need certain procedures to follow on a consistent basis. The highest standard comes from Caring for Our Children: National Health and Safety Performance Standards; Guidelines for Early Care and Education Programs. Check out Iowa State University Extension & Outreach walking you through the steps -
You will want to print and post the steps from Healthy Child Care Iowa near your changing table.
- Do you prepare supplies in advance?
- Do you complete the hand wipe step?
- Do you properly disinfect the area?
To share with us your thoughts, visit http://blogs.extension.iastate.edu/childcare/diaperchange/
Health & Safety
We are all SUPER excited to share with you one of our latest videos so that you can have a visual for all of the steps in a best practice hand wash. Washing your hands properly is the single most important line of defense in preventing the transmission of disease-causing organisms. Start your school year off right by washing your hands thoroughly and supporting your children in following all the steps!
If you have not done so already, be sure to download the Healthy Child Care Iowa’s flyer for posting near your hand washing sinks.
- Do you wet your hands before getting soap?
- Are you and your children scrubbing for 20 seconds outside the stream of water?
- What about turning off the faucet with a paper towel and not touching the garbage to avoid recontamination?
To share with us your thoughts, visit http://blogs.extension.iastate.edu/childcare/handwashing101/
Health & Safety
April 23, 2001, is a day I will always remember. It was a beautiful Monday morning and literally out of what we thought was a clear blue sky a small tornado made its way through the little town where I had my family child care business. Fortunately no one in my home was injured and there were only a handful of minor injuries sustained by others. There was some property damage, but nothing significant. I remember feeling very sad about a little tree about a block from my home that had been lifted up from the ground, roots and all, and tossed in the grass. The recent severe weather across Iowa has been a keen reminder of why that day stands out so vividly in my mind… I gained a true appreciation for why practicing emergency drills is so important in child care.
For example, the children in my care knew where to go for tornado drills, but getting curious preschoolers to a safe place in the basement with my arms full of small children while a real siren was going off was a major challenge. I learned that practicing drills is as much for how you, the provider, will manage in an emergency situation as it is for the children. Practice, practice, practice, for your sake as much as for the children’s!
Parents will be frantic! The minute word got out in my small community that there was damage (remember, it was minor) near my part of town, parents were not only calling but they also arrived at my home to make sure the children and I were ok. In addition to ensuring you have emergency contact information, have you communicated with your families how you will get word to them in a weather related emergency? Discuss this often so that parents know and understand what they can expect.
There are lots of check lists and how to manuals for being prepared in an emergency. One example is from the Administration for Children and Families: Office of Child Care. It includes lots of links to other resources, including some state specific links. Also, remember to follow the specific guidelines set in your registration or licensing expectations.
Emotions and adrenaline run high when bad weather strikes… are you ready? Share your stories about weather related lessons at http://blogs.extension.iastate.edu/childcare/severe-weather/
Health & Safety
As early childhood professionals, you know how difficult it is to keep track of current health and nutrition information. For example, “My Pyramid” is now “My Plate”, and it seems like each year the Child and Adult Care Food Programs changes its requirements just a little to meet the ever changing new health recommendations. Well, my colleagues with the Northeast Iowa Food and Fitness Initiative introduced me to a simple and catchy phrase to keep straight several different health and fitness recommendations for children. The phrase is “5210”. (Anyone remember Beverly Hills 90210? Maybe that’s why I find 5210 so catchy!) Here is what 5210 stands for:
- 5 or more fruits and vegetables
- 2 hours or less of recreational screen time
- 1 hour or more of physical activity
- 0 sugary drinks (more water and low-fat milk)
The 5210 Let’s Go! website has tool kits designed for various ages and audiences, including child care programs. The 5210 Goes to Child Care tool kit includes posters, resources, and activities around each of the four 5210 categories, as well as information for parents on each topic. Check it out and share what you find with us at http://blogs.extension.iastate.edu/childcare/lets-talk-5210-2.
Health & Safety
Playgrounds in early childhood are always a hot topic of conversation. Whether you are working on a nature friendly environment or trying to meet safety standards with equipment, there are a lot of things to take into consideration. So MANY considerations, in fact, that often providers feel like a truly safe playground area is unattainable.
This week, April 21-25, is National Playground Safety Week. It is a time to focus on children’s outdoor play environments and to pledge to use good judgment when playing. But where does one even begin when thinking about safety? The National Program for Playground Safety (NPPS) uses the following S.A.F.E Factors:
- Provide proper supervision of children on playgrounds
- Design age-appropriate playgrounds
- Provide proper fall surfacing under and around playgrounds
- Properly maintain playground equipment.
Whether you have a large play structure, an entirely nature focused play space, or many different outdoor play spaces for children to experience, the S.A.F.E Factors provide a great framework for ensuing all the children in your program can have meaningful and safe experiences.
The National Program for Playground Safety offers training, research, resources and guidance around playgrounds. Check out their website for ideas on things you can do during this special week and throughout the year to ensure safe outdoor play experiences for children.
NPPS also encourages everyone this week to take time to thank all those who work to maintain playgrounds. Have you thanked your playground crew lately?!? Let us know how you incorporate S.A.F.E into you work at http://blogs.extension.iastate.edu/childcare/playground-safety-week/.
Environment, Health & Safety
Stress in childhood?!?!? What do children have to be stressed about? No bills, no job, no toilets to clean or diapers to change… how can children be stressed? Childhood can actually be a very stressful time, especially for young children trying to make sense of what can often be a very confusing world. Children’s emotional and thinking skills are still developing, so changes in their environment or routine can sometimes be overwhelming. Expectations that don’t match the child’s abilities or respects their interests can also be stressful for a child. Early care and education environments provide a perfect backdrop for helping all children experience less stress as they play and learn. Here are just a few suggestions to help reduce stress for the children in your care:
- Accept messiness. As children learn to use silverware or experiment with art supplies, there are bound to be spills and accidents. Taking messes in stride will help build confidence in the children.
- Teach children that mistakes are ok. Knowing that mistakes are ok helps children be more open to new experiences.
- Create a cozy area. The lights, sounds, smells and textures in an early childhood environment can be overwhelming, but a soft quiet place that children can access most of the day can provide a needed break from all the stimulation.
- Provide one on one time. Be sure that each child in your care gets some undivided attention throughout the day. This can be during routines such as diapering and feeding, or during play, like when a child requests a favorite story. Even a little one on one time can go a long way in making children feel special.
- Get children outside. More and more research is supporting the positive benefits of children getting daily exposure to nature.
What ways have you found helpful in reducing stress for the children in your care? Share your ideas at http://blogs.extension.iastate.edu/childcare/children-stress/.
Early Learning, Environment, Health & Safety
“Time to wake up, sweetheart.”
“Ugh… my stomach hurts, Mom… ugh…”
“Do you feel like you might get sick?”
Of course, this is one of many working parents’ ever-present fears… waking up to an ill child. This was the scenario at my house a few weeks ago, and the start of three days of bad stomach pains for my son. During day two he started to complain of dizziness, so on day three I took him to our family doctor. My son never had “official” stomach flu symptons (if you know what I mean), just pain, so my fears turned to appendicitis and other ill begotten stomach issues. Our family doctor said my son probably did have a little touch of some sort of stomach bug, but his biggest issue was that he needed to drink more water. What?!?!? After three days at home it hadn’t even occurred to me that might be the issue. We’ve all probably heard about the importance of water during the warm summer months, during periods of increased activity, and when we aren’t feeling well, but we can forget how important water is for overall good health, even during the winter months.
Water is a very important element to children’s health, helping with digestion support, constipation prevention, and proper blood circulation. There is no specific recommended amount for children, but it should be offered throughout the day. Offering water to children throughout the day is even a criterion on some tools that measure quality in early care and education environments.
For more information about water in our diets, check out this handout from the ChooseMyPlate.gov. How have you helped children in your care develop a habit for drinking water? Share your ideas at http://blogs.extension.iastate.edu/childcare/water-water-everywhere/
Health & Safety
I am excited to introduce a guest blogger this week – Jamie Smith, ISU Extension & Outreach Environmental Rating Scale Assessor. Malisa
Pretty much everyone involved in child care knows about fall zones, but do you know about the “Scoop Zone”?
Snow and ice are a part of life here in Iowa and watching children’s faces light up when those first flakes fall is one of the joys of caring for children. Children love heading out into the white wonderland to play. Snow itself, despite the headaches it can give adults, provides children with great excitement. It also leads the way for many science and sensory opportunities and discussions. Snow can also pose safety risks on the playground. Playground safety is a big issue any time of year, but you need to take extra precautions in winter and not just because of the temperature and wind chill.
Fall zone surfacing, whether it is poured in place or loose-fill, cannot protect children if it is covered in snow or ice. We all know how solid packed snow and ice can be — most of us have had a winter weather trip or fall at one time or another. Imagine falling on to hard, packed snow from a height of 4-5 feet — OUCH! The “Scoop Zone” is the area under slides and other equipment that needs to be scooped in order to provide safe playgrounds for children. No one wants to do more scooping or spreading of ice melt, but it is vital to children’s safety. In order for fall zone cushioning to protect children, it has to be exposed. Children can help with the process — many children love to help scoop snow with child-sized shovels and they can always find ways to be creative with the snow that has been removed from the fall zone-snowmen, snow forts, etc.
For more information on safe playgrounds, visit the Public Playground Safety Handbook at www.cpsc.gov
For some really “cool” sensory ideas, search “snow sensory” on www.pinterest.com
Environment, Health & Safety
Did you know that pound-per-pound children drink more, eat more, breathe more and absorb more through their skin than adults? This means that what may have little effect on us as adults might put children’s health at risk. Emerging science is telling us a great deal about the links between environmental exposures and children’s health as well as ability to learn. Where do kids spend a significant portion of their day? In YOUR environment! That is why it is so important that early childhood professionals become aware of possible toxins in child care environments and consider steps to reducing those — even small steps can make a big difference!
In January, ISU Extension & Outreach will be offering an online series for early childhood professionals titled Eco-Healthy Child Care®.
- Jan. 14 Indoor environment
- Jan. 21 Outdoor environment
- Jan. 28 Materials
Each online class in the series is from 7:30 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. CST. Consider joining us to learn about making your environment healthier for children (and yourself!) as well as how to become an endorsed Eco-Healthy Child Care®. If you live in Iowa, register for the Eco-Healthy Child Care® online series on the DHS Training Registry. If you live outside of Iowa but are interested in participating in this online series, contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
You can find a listing of all of ISU Extension & Outreach’s online classes for early childhood professionals at http://www.extension.iastate.edu/humansciences/el-online
We look forward to sharing and learning with you!
Health & Safety