Flood damaged crops, crop insurance payments, and lease contracts

Some Iowa corn and soybean producers are facing substantial, if not complete crop losses, due to flooding and other natural disasters in 2024. Fortunately, in recent years, well over 90% of Iowa’s corn and soybean acres are protected by multiple peril crop insurance. USDA RMA data from 2023 reported 95% of corn and soybean acres in the state were protected by Multiple Peril Crop Insurance (MPCI), and 15% of these acres also had additional companion program coverage, such as Supplemental Coverage Option (SCO), Enhanced Coverage Option (ECO), or Margin Protection (MP).

Most Iowa producers purchase crop insurance policies with a 75% or 80% level of coverage. This means that if crops are a total loss, the producer must withstand the first 20-25% of the loss. In 2023, 96% of the crop acres insured in Iowa were covered under MPCI Revenue Protection policies that offer an increasing guarantee if prices increase between February and October. So far, this has not shown to be a factor for 2024 crops, with current November/December Futures trading below the spring projected price guarantees of $4.66 per bushel for corn and $11.55 per bushel for soybeans.

Read more in the July Ag Decision Maker newsletter article and see guidance on addressing the agronomic impacts for flooded soils to restore field conditions or to plant a suitable cover crop is available for Iowa landowners and tenants.

Additional information about managing flood damaged cropland as the waters recede and the situation is assessed is available from Iowa State University Extension and Outreach.

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