Canning Peaches

I grew up in St. Louis, MO during the 1960’s. St. Louis had a Farmer’s Market on the south side of town that my family visited during the growing season. The fruit I most enjoyed during those visits was peaches. When we got home from the market my father and I would stand at the kitchen sink eating peaches so juicy that their juices dripped down our arms and ran off our elbows. After we ate all the fresh peaches our stomachs would hold, my mother would can them. That taste of summer during the long, cold winter months was a real treat!  

Selecting, Preparing and Canning Fruit

Peaches-Halved or Sliced

Quantity: An average of 17½ pounds is needed per canner load of 7 quarts; an average of 11 pounds is needed per canner load of 9 pints. A bushel weighs 48 pounds and yields 16 to 24 quarts – an average of 2½ pounds per quart.

Quality: Choose ripe, mature fruit of ideal quality for eating fresh or cooking.

Please read Using Pressure Canners and Using Boiling Water Canners before beginning. If this is your first time canning, it is recommended that you read Principles of Home Canning.

Procedure: Dip fruit in boiling water for 30 to 60 seconds until skins loosen. Dip quickly in cold water and slip off skins. Cut in half, remove pits and slice if desired. To prevent darkening, keep peeled fruit in ascorbic acid solution. Prepare and boil a very light, light, or medium syrup or pack peaches in water, apple juice, or white grape juice. Raw packs make poor quality peaches.

Hot pack – In a large saucepan place drained fruit in syrup, water, or juice and bring to boil. Fill jars with hot fruit and cooking liquid, leaving ½-inch headspace. Place halves in layers, cut side down.

Raw pack – Fill jars with raw fruit, cut side down, and add hot water, juice, or syrup, leaving ½-inch headspace.

Adjust lids and process.

Processing directions for canning peaches in a boiling-water canner are given in Table 1.

Processing directions for canning peaches in a dial- or weighted-gauge canner are given in Table 2 and Table 3.

Table 1. Recommended process time for Peaches, halved or sliced in a boiling-water canner.

Process Time at Altitudes of

Style of Pack

Jar Size

0 – 1,000 ft

1,001 – 3,000 ft

3,001 – 6,000 ft

Above 6,000 ft

Hot

Pints
Quarts

20 min
25

25
30

30
35

35
40

Raw

Pints
Quarts

25
30

30
35

35
40

40
45

Table 2. Process Times for Peaches (Halved or Sliced) in a Dial-Gauge Pressure Canner.

Canner Pressure (PSI) at Altitudes of

Style of Pack

Jar Size

Process Time (Min)

0 – 2,000 ft

2,001 – 4,000 ft

4,001 – 6,000 ft

6,001 – 8,000 ft

Hot and
Raw

Pints or
Quarts

10

6

7

8

9

Table 3. Process Times for Peaches (Halved or Sliced) in a Weighted-Gauge Pressure Canner.

Canner Pressure (PSI) at Altitudes of

Style of Pack

Jar Size

Process Time (Min)

0 – 1,000 ft

Above 1,000 ft

Hot and
Raw

Pints or
Quarts

10

5

10

This document was adapted from the “Complete Guide to Home Canning,” Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 539, USDA, revised 2009. Reviewed November 2009.

Liz Meimann

Liz Meimann

I received both my undergraduate and graduate degrees in Food Science at Iowa State University. I love to quilt, sew, cook, and bake. I spent many years gardening, canning, and preserving food for my family when my children were at home.

More Posts - Website

Tips for keeping fruit at it’s very best!

ripening fruit
Some fruit should be left unrefrigerated on the countertop to ripen.

HOW TO KEEP FRUIT AT ITS VERY BEST

You have  just picked up some juicy-looking plums at your local grocery store. As usual, they are not quite ripe. You carefully place them in your refrigerator crisper, thinking they will ripen to chilly perfection in a few days’ time.

Mistake! As you will see below, plums fall into the category of fruits that must be ripened at room temperature in order to reach their juicy best. It is only when they are fully ripe that you should even think about refrigerating them.

Follow the handy guidelines below to achieve the maximum flavor  from your fresh fruit, no matter what the season.

Ripen or Soften at Room Temperature Before Refrigerating                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             The following fruits continue to ripen or soften after they have been picked; premature refrigeration will cause them to lose flavor and develop a mealy texture. Store these fruits at room temperature  (placing them in a closed paper sack will hasten the ripening process) until they are fully ripe, then refrigerate: Apricots, Avocados, Bananas, Cantaloupe melons, Casaba melons, Cherimoya, Crenshaw melons, Guava, Honeydew melons, Kiwi fruit, Mangos, Nectarines, Papayas, Passion fruit, Peaches, Pears, Persimmons, Pineapple, Plantains, Plums, Prickly pears, Quinces, Sapote and Star fruit.

Refrigerate Immediately After Purchase 

Once the following fruits have been picked, they will not ripen any further. Leaving them at room temperature will only speed up their decay, so you should store them in the refrigerator immediately after purchase: Blackberries, Blueberries, Boysenberries, Cherries, Cranberries, Currants (red, black or white), Elderberries, Figs, Grapes, Huckleberries, Litchis, Raspberries, Rhubarb and Strawberries.

Store At Room Temperature OR Refrigerate Immediately                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The following fruits will not ripen any further once they have been picked and they will last longest if you store them in the refrigerator right away. But it is also fine to leave them at room temperature for a while. Apples, Clementines, Grapefruit, Kumquats, Lemons, Limes, Oranges, Pomegranates, Tangerines, and Watermelon.

 

Prepared by Iowa State University FAMILIES EXTENSION ANSWER LINE 800-262-3804 in Iowa, 1-800-854-1678 in Minnesota, and 1-888-393-6336 in South Dakota

Liz Meimann

Liz Meimann

I received both my undergraduate and graduate degrees in Food Science at Iowa State University. I love to quilt, sew, cook, and bake. I spent many years gardening, canning, and preserving food for my family when my children were at home.

More Posts - Website

AnswerLine

Subscribe to AnswerLine Blog

Enter your email address:

Connect with us!

AnswerLine's Facebook page AnswerLine's Twitter account AnswerLine's Pinterest page
Email: answer@iastate.edu
Phone: (Monday-Friday, 9 am-noon; 1-4 pm)
 1-800-262-3804 (in Iowa)
 1-800-854-1678 (in Minnesota)
 1-888-393-6336 (in South Dakota)

Archives

Categories