Filing our 2018 income tax returns may be rougher than normal, because much has changed. Why? Three big reasons:
• There are significant changes in tax law, which affect deductions, exemptions and credits used by virtually all Americans;
• The Federal government dramatically revised Form 1040, the form used by everyone when filing individual income tax, and forms 1040EZ and 1040A have been eliminated; in addition, there are minor changes to the Iowa 1040;
• The partial shutdown of the Federal government creates many unknowns with regard to transmitting returns electronically.
Imagine being a tax software developer. They’ve known all year that the law had changed and the forms were going to change, and they received draft copies of what the forms might look like, but the final forms weren’t released until the second week of December. Just imagine how people have been scrambling to make all the needed adjustments and test all the functions. In addition, it seems likely that the federal shutdown has affected their ability to get technical assistance and to test the compatibility of their software with the IRS system. It almost sounds like a horror story! (That’s a joke, but not really)
What does this mean for us taxpayers? Above all, I think it means we need to be cautious about our expectations. I’m thinking of expectations about the timing and the size of our refunds.
• The changes in the law (and the changes made to year-round tax withholding) will affect us all, and until we calculate our returns we won’t really know if our refunds will be similar to past years’, or higher or lower.
• As far as timing, the IRS won’t even be accepting returns electronically until January 28 – about ten days later than normal; that’s a delay for some folks right from the start. And of course we always need to be cautious about timing expectations – it is never smart to spend money before you have it, OR to make promises that you can pay by a certain date “because surely I’ll have my tax refund by then.” The IRS recently announced that it would be processing refunds even if the government shutdown continues; that’s reassuring, but it is certainly not a guarantee that they’ll be able to do it in a timely manner. Note: also keep in mind that since the passage of the PATH Act in 2015, the IRS delays all refunds that include the Earned Income Tax Credit or the Additional Child Tax Credit until at least February 15. This delay may affect more people this year, because more people may be receiving the Additional Child Tax Credit.
What are your questions about your 2018 tax return?