Debt? Make A Plan

The financial impact of COVID-19 has many people worrying about paying back borrowed money and wondering where to start. If you’d like help after reviewing the steps below, Iowa State University Extension Family Finance Specialists across the state are available for educational consultations that are free and confidential.

To get started, take 3 steps to manage your debt.

First, understand your debts. Make a chart or a list showing each debt, with who you owe, the amount you owe (including interest), and projected payoff date (if available). Having this clear view of your total debt picture will help you plan your approach.

Second, consider what the consequences are if you do not pay on time. In most cases, late payment or failure to pay will hurt your credit score. But in some cases, the consequences are more serious: for example, you may lose a service, such as water or electricity; or your vehicle may be repossessed. Considering the consequences will help you decide which bills to prioritize. NOTE: eventually it will be important to repay all your debts, but in the short term, it is advisable to prioritize those that are essential to your family’s well-being or to keep your job.

Third, plan a payment strategy that works best for you. After prioritizing the bills that are critical to your family’s well-being, you still may have several other debts to address – which of those should you pay first? You should, of course, keep paying the agreed-upon monthly payments if possible, but if you have extra money to put toward your debts, where should you start? Some people start by attacking the debt with the lowest balance – they are motivated by the idea of completely wiping out a debt so they have fewer bills to think about. You will actually save the most money by first focusing on the bill with the highest interest rate. To explore debt repayment options, check out PowerPay, a free and non-commercial debt calculator sponsored by Utah State University Extension.

Taking control of your debts starts with three steps: understanding it, being aware of consequences of not paying debt, and having a plan to reduce debts. It’s not easy to become debt-free, but for most consumers it can be accomplished with hard work and dedication. Be sure to contact your local ISU Extension financial educator if you’d like some assistance with sorting through your options.

Brenda Schmitt

A Iowa State University Extension and Outreach Family Finance Field Specialist helping North Central Iowans make the most of their money.

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