I can personally testify to the financial benefit of saving for my children’s education: I started monthly automatic transfers into their college savings accounts when they were young, and at the same time helped them establish a habit of saving a portion of their allowance each month. My daughters reaped the financial benefits of that saving during college, and continue to benefit as young adults without school loans to repay.
I didn’t know it, but my children benefited in other ways — yours can, too. Here’s why: children who have savings that is specifically set aside for their education and career goals actually make greater academic progress than children who do not, all other things being equal. They do better in school, are more likely to finish high school, and are more likely to attend and complete an educational program after high school.
Even though I didn’t know about this research back then, it makes sense to me. Having a savings account means we’re thinking about the future. It creates a vision for steps beyond high school. It builds hope and a belief that they can do it, and is a motivator. Having a vision for the future is extremely powerful.
Having savings doesn’t guarantee school success, of course, but it makes it more likely. The benefit of savings is especially strong for children in lower-income families. Research also shows that even small savings makes a difference – even amounts less than $500 have an impact. Only a small part of the benefit comes from the actual monetary value in the account; most of the benefit results from expanding young people’s vision for their future.
Think of the children in your life. Over the summer, families may be purposeful about encouraging library visits or enrolling children in learning-oriented camps. Those are great ideas. But it turns out those aren’t the only ways to boost academics! Build your child’s vision for the future by starting or adding to an education savings account in his or her name. Get them involved too!
Graduation from high school and college is a milestone event for many families in May. Parents might feel that their role as a financial provider is nearing it’s end, but recent data indicates that youth are living at home longer.
Reasons for this trend extend beyond financial reasons. The Boston Federal Reserve report includes a willingness on the part of parents to be more supportive and a trend toward larger homes as additional factors.
Being supportive can extend beyond putting a roof over a young person’s head and food in the refrigerator. It can include teaching the value of setting aside funds earned today for the future.
MyRA might be a place to start. If a student is employed part-time or in a temporary summer job, they can save in this Roth account which is low risk and pays a higher return than a pass book savings account. Because it is a retirement account, it isn’t a factor in determination of student financial aid and the rules make it less likely to be raided for spur of the moment expenses. You are expected to leave the money in the account for five years before making a withdrawal of contributions, a time frame that might work well for a high school graduate who intends to earn a college degree and might need a cash reserve when they reach the next milestone. Introduction to retirement savings also makes sense for a generation that is less likely to see benefits from pensions and social security. Learn more at MyRa.gov
April is National Social Security Month. It’s really fitting that they chose April, because April is also Financial Literacy Month. And understanding your Social Security situation is an important part of Financial Literacy.
If you’re under 40, you may be surprised to consider that you need to pay attention to Social Security. (Even some people under 60 may be surprised at that idea!). Now I’m not suggesting you need to fully understand Social Security – that’s a tall order. But you do need to be aware of your own social security record and what it means.
The key your record is found at my Social Security. Here you can activate your own on-line account so that you can log in any time; this lets you verify the accuracy of your earnings record, learn what you can expect in retirement or disability benefits, order a replacement social security card, and more.
Why it matters. On average, Social Security replaces approximately 40 percent of pre-retirement earnings. To enjoy a comfortable retirement, most people will also need income from other sources — like pensions, savings, and investments. Understanding your social security projections can help you make informed plans for your own retirement.
Throughout the month of April, the Social Security Administration will boost its outreach through traditional media and social media, including a Facebook Live Chat:
Social Security will participate in a Facebook Live Chat, hosted by USA.gov, on April 20, 2017, at 7:00 p.m. ET. The public may ask questions via livestream about the “5 Steps Toward Financial Security.”
To participate, follow USA.gov and Social Security on Facebook.
NOTE: some young adults may be skeptical, questioning whether Social Security will still be around by the time they retire. While Social Security will likely change over the next 2-4 decades, you will not find any experts who believe it will disappear. Understanding your situation under current law will help you understand policy changes as they are proposed and enacted. No matter your age, it’s smart to activate your Social Security account and see what it tells you.
As an adult child who happens to be in the field of family finance, I knew it was necessary to start the conversation with my parents about their end-of-life wishes. I also needed to know where the essential papers were located in case of a crisis.
Essential papers include:
- Insurance policies
- Durable powers of attorney for finances and health care
- Burial plans
- Where the safety deposit box is, who has the right to open it, and the location of the key
- Where the birth and marriage certificates are kept, along with…
- Military service and Social Security records
- Usernames/passwords to online accounts
- Names of financial advisors
- Retirement benefits
- And investment and banking accounts
Whew! That is quite a list! It may take a while to have a conversation about and to gather all these items, but doing so helps adult children know their parents’ wishes and what is expected when you have to step into a decision making role.
To start today, sign up for a Finances of Caregiving series near you. Or call your county ISU extension office and ask for the publication “Legal Issues in Later Life.” You could use it to start a family conversation. Whatever you do, get the conversation started today.
Guest Blogger: Sandra McKinnon, Human Sciences Specialist
It is wise to plan ahead and anticipate situations our aging parents may face. As an adult child, it may be emotionally difficult to talk to our parents about death, disability, chronic illness and incapacity, but making financial decisions before a crisis has benefits:
- There is less emotion
- Disagreements among siblings may be reduced
- You are not making decisions in the middle of financial upheaval
It’s a good idea to start the conversation before our parents are 60 years old. If you are an aging parent, start the conversation now with your adult children.
Three ways to start the conversation:
- Raise the issue when an event occurs: a neighbor or friend is in the nursing home or has been hospitalized.
- Share your own wishes and then ask your family what they want.
- Organize a family meeting
Ideally, in a family meeting, everyone in the immediate family participates, even if joining in by phone or online. It is important to respect your parents’ privacy. Parents can decide how much detail they want to share but the goal is to know their wishes and where the essential papers are should a crisis arise.
Guest Blogger: Sandra McKinnon, Human Sciences Specialist, Family Finance
If your employer matches your contributions to a retirement plan, then it is smart to contribute at least that much. For example, if your employer matches your contributions up to 3%, then it’s smart to contribute at least 3% of your income. If you don’t, you’re turning down part of your paycheck.
Does that mean that if you’re maximizing your employer match, you’re saving enough for retirement? Not necessarily.
Your employer’s decision about how much they’ll match is not based on how much investment is needed to keep you secure. That decision is up to you.
Only you can decide how much to save toward your future. Only you can decide to give up certain spending now, in order to have a more secure lifestyle in the future. Our earlier post describes tools for assessing your progress toward a secure retirement.
Employers who offer a match typically match employee contributions up to 3-5% of income. If it is a dollar-for-dollar match, then making full use of a 3% match means a total of 6% of your income is being put toward retirement (3% from you plus 3% from your employer).
Based on typical life expectancy and investment returns, experts now estimate that lifelong savings of approximately 15% of income is needed in order to provide retirement income equivalent to pre-retirement income. Of course, workers who will have other sources of retirement income (such as rental income or a traditional pension like IPERS) can achieve full income replacement with lower savings rates. On the flip side, some workers may decide they don’t need full income replacement, and will be satisfied with a lower retirement income; a lower savings rate may work for those workers as well.
Bottom line? Planning for a secure retirement is up to you. Don’t rely on your employer’s match to determine how much you will save!
If stepping up your retirement planning is part of your new year’s resolution, one key is to understand the pros and cons of traditional tax-deferred accounts in comparison with Roth accounts. Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) come in both “flavors,” and many employer accounts have both options as well.
The differences between Traditional and Roth affect your retirement in two main ways:
- How much money you’ll be able to spend in retirement after taxes; and
- Flexibility of withdrawals in retirement (this is affected in a couple of different ways).
Whether you are saving for retirement or are already retired and need to decide when to withdraw from which account, understanding the differences matters. To better understand how those differences play out and how you might put them to work for you, ISU Extension and Outreach has a new on-line mini-lesson (20 min). It’s part of our collection of retirement resources, which includes mini-lessons on five other topics and sixteen printable publications.
In the last ten days I have received year-end statements from all three of my retirement accounts. The arrival of these financial statements presents great reminder to do a retirement check-up. Now is the time to do a calculation to see whether your retirement investments are on track to give you a comfortable retirement.
There are many retirement calculators on-line; most investment firms have them. They’re not all the same; different calculators present information in different ways, using different assumptions and perhaps emphasizing different aspects of the situation.
Calculators often have built-in assumptions about things like inflation, life expectancy, or investment return. With that in mind:
- Try to identify the key assumptions built into each calculator.
- Use a variety of on-line calculators, rather than sticking with just one. Looking at the different responses you are given by different tools will make you familiar with a wider range of possibilities.
Most on-line calculators are commercial; they are posted by companies that have products or services to sell. Keep that sales motive in mind as you review the information you receive. Occasionally, a tool will subtly steer consumers toward a particular type of product. By being aware, you can avoid making decisions based on biased information.
Fortunately, there are free non-commercial retirement calculators available on-line as well. Here are two provided by non-commercial organizations:
- Ballpark E$timate – This tool is, as its name suggests, a ballpark estimate. It doesn’t go into great detail. It is especially appropriate for people who are a long way from retirement, don’t have detailed retirement goals, but just want to be sure they’re on track.
- Department of Labor Retirement Calculator – This tool provides detailed on-line worksheets for examining retirement expenses as well as your income. It is particularly useful for those who are fairly close to retirement and ready for more detailed planning.
If you work with a financial adviser, he or she plays a key role in your retirement planning; even then, however, it is wise to take an active role in the planning. Your adviser will be the first one to tell you that you must be the one to make the final decisions.
I think it’s safe to say we will make it through 2016 without any significant financial upsets. The shared responsibility payment, if you didn’t have health insurance, reaches 2.5% and will catch some individuals by surprise when they file their taxes. Social Security removed “file and suspend”, an option available for married couples. Apologies were issued by one large bank for creating accounts customers did not request. Unless you live in the United Kingdom, it was a pretty quiet year.
The biggest changes in your finances were probably the result of your own actions. Maybe you put more money into your retirement accounts, payed off a debt, sold or bought a home, sent a child to college, or changed your employment status resulting in an income/benefits change.
Our next 12 months aren’t looking as quiet as 2016. Newly elected officials have promised to make major changes in health insurance. Social Security is getting its fair share of attention. Interest rates are going up after many years of being at rock bottom. Inflation is slowly entering into financial discussions.
What can consumers do?
- Keep good financial records and pay bills on time
- Don’t spend more than you earn
- Use credit wisely and focus on repaying debt
- Develop an emergency account
- Find money to set aside for tomorrow
Whatever 2017 brings, I wish you all good financial health!
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau released a report this month designed to help people who are “credit invisible” – meaning they have little or no credit history. According to a 2015 CFPB report, approximately 26 million Americans fit in that “invisible” category, with no history on file with the major credit reporting agencies. An additional 19 million Americans have files so thin that they are considered “unscorable;” there is so little information about their credit history that a lender would be unable to evaluate a loan application. The total, 45 million, equals nearly 20 percent of American adults!
Why does it matter? Not having access to credit can limit your financial opportunities, of course; you would be unable to get a loan for a home or a car or a small business, and might also find it difficult to travel or shop on-line. In addition, you would be unable to use credit to deal with emergencies.
Beyond the obvious financial issues, having little or no credit history can also limit your opportunities for employment, rental housing, and insurance. It can also increase your costs for utility service (a larger security deposit might be required), increase insurance premiums, and even make it hard to get cell phone service.
What to do? Fortunately there are financial tools designed especially for those with limited credit history; they can also be helpful to people with a negative credit history. These products, including secured credit cards and credit-builder loans, reduce the risk which lenders take in issuing a loan to someone with no track record. A short checklist from the CFPB describes these tools, as well as other steps people can take to build credit from scratch.