This is not a new phenomenon, but the Financial Independence, Retire Early (FIRE) Movement gained quite a bit of momentum over the past few years. As the pandemic raged on, many people started to question their quality of life, workplace satisfaction, and their connection to family, friends, and the outside world in general. For most of us, this was a normal reaction to an extremely stressful situation; however, a handful throughout society decided they had had enough and hit the road for greener pastures.
Depending on which article you read on the internet (there are hundreds!), this may sound like a reality anyone can achieve, but I noticed quite a few details were either left out or not applicable to the general population. In order to cover this topic in full, I decided to break it up into two posts – one focusing on income, and the other focusing on expenses – so if you are thinking about retiring early…read on!
Income…. Where will it come from now?
News flash – your cash flow will be significantly impacted by retiring early. Gone are the days of receiving a regular paycheck from an employer. So, how do people make it work when we think of the typical “early retirement” age as 59 ½ or 62 (for Social Security purposes)?
- For starters, it is a little-known fact that there are MANY ways to retire before the age of 59 ½ without being hit with the dreadful 10% tax penalty, but you must qualify for it.
- You may read that some FIRE-achievers received severance packages, inheritances, own rental properties, and/or save upwards of 75% of their income (primarily in taxable brokerage accounts).
- And most importantly, many continue to work. Unlike their previous career, however, they typically work part-time through the gig/freelance/app economy, and/or their new work finally enables them to follow a passion.
Come back next month for the discussion on expenses (hint: it has a lot to do with the cost of healthcare!).
After reading through previous blogs to help brainstorm for this week’s post, I found myself reflecting upon personal experiences that led me down the path to becoming a Financial Counselor. One such instance – that admittedly, I did not fully understand for several years after entering this profession – occurred when my father retired ten years ago.
He only had a small sum of money in his company’s 401(k). This was completely fine considering he also had a pension, Social Security, and little to no debt. In this situation, he received more than enough money from his “guaranteed” sources of income – the pension and Social Security – to cover his necessary living expenses and could use his 401(k) as a flexible source of income, if needed. This is ultimately what my mom did last year when she retired, but unfortunately, this is not what happened with him…
Like many families, my parents worked with an advisor at a local, for-profit financial institution. They ultimately decided to roll his 401(k) into a Traditional IRA that also included the following:
- A deferred-annuity contract that allowed him to annuitize (turn the money into a lifetime stream of income) or pay a surrender fee if he later changed his mind – he did.
- It offered a guaranteed 5.5% rate of return on the base amount of the rollover and a guaranteed death benefit; however, each of these “riders” cost 1.25%, which was deducted annually from his IRA balance.
- The IRA balance was invested in four different mutual funds, all of which had an expense ratio over 1.0%.
Did he lose money because of this? Technically, no – last decade’s market return was quite impressive; however, those annual fees were costly for a financial product he never used. Am I judging my family, or their advisor’s decision? NO!! I was not a part of the conversation and do not know what factors played into it. My only goal here is to provide education on a very complex, and specific, financial product and how it should fit in to a retirement plan. You can also read this AARP article for a much more detailed summary on annuities.
This week, I discovered a fun tool that can help us all be more ready for retirement. I don’t think it’s new, so I am surprised I hadn’t seen it before, because I pay a lot of attention to retirement information. I guess that just goes to show that we always have more to learn, no matter how much we think we already know!
The tool is provided the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College — one of the premiere sources of quality information on retirement. I tell you that because I want you to know it’s trustworthy. They have other great resources too.
The fun (and enlightening) part is that it prepares us to make better decisions about retirement issues by alerting us to natural human tendencies that can work against us. It’s called “Curious Behaviors That Can Ruin Your Retirement.” I enjoyed it — it took about 10 minutes, and explained things in clear language with great examples.
I’d encourage everyone to check it out — at least everyone who wants the best retirement possible, especially if you’re over 50. Personally, I think I might go back to it about once a year, just to keep myself on my toes!