Due to recent declines in milk cow numbers, relatively high slaughter levels, and higher expected feed prices, milk production forecasts have been lowered for 2019 and 2020 in the USDA June World Agricultural Outlook. Dairy exports were relatively weak in April, and export forecasts have been lowered for both 2019 and 2020. The all-milk price forecast for 2019 is $18.00 per cwt, 5 cents lower than last month’s forecast. The all-milk price forecast for 2020 is $18.90 per cwt, 10 cents higher than last month’s forecast.
Milk production in Iowa during May 2019 totaled 452 million pounds, down less than 1 percent from the previous May according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Milk Production report.
The average number of milk cows during May, at 217,000 head, was the same as last month but down 3,000 from last year. Monthly production per cow averaged 2,085 pounds, up 25 pounds from last May.
The United States Department of Agriculture reports the milk/feed margin under the Dairy Margin Cover (DMC) program for April was $8.96, which would result in a payment of 54¢ for dairy farmers signing up for $9.50/coverage.
The April margin calculation is based on corn at $3.52/bu, alfalfa at $199/ton and soybean meal at $304.26. The U.S. all-milk price is $17.70 for April.
Sign-up for the program begins Monday, June 17 at FSA offices.
Recently the Environmental Protection Agency issued a final rule to codify its earlier interpretation that air emissions from manure are not reportable under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act.
If only it were that easy. For many years the dairy industry has struggled with an imbalanced market- more production than domestic consumption- and generally that was a world-wide dilemma. Because milk in fluid form is highly perishable, different then corn or soy that can be stored for years, it has to be manufactured into a more stable product. Cheese, butter and powders gave a much longer shelf-life, and were put into storage by the ton.
Global Dairy Trade Event 237 concluded with the GDT Price Index down 3.4%
AMF index down 5.7%, average price US$5,752/MT
Butter index down 10.3%, average price US$4,805/MT
BMP index down 10.1%, average price US$2,807/MT
Ched index down 14.0%, average price US$3,950/MT
LAC index up 0.4%, average price US$897/MT
RenCas index up 4.2%, average price US$7,201/MT
SMP index down 4.0%, average price US$2,436/MT
SWP index not available, average price not available
WMP index down 1.5%, average price US$3,138/MT
Full results have been published on www.globaldairytrade.info
Extension Field Agronomist Joel DeJong reports “I am not certain we have a good window of opportunity for harvesting alfalfa soon, but I hope so”. He was out in a couple of alfalfa fields near Le Mars yesterday (Wednesday), and the stems measured 25” tall, and were in the bud stage. That would give it a RFV today of 176. In review, making haylage reduces the final RFV by 15 units, or making dry hay would cost about 25 RFV units. It is generally recommended to harvest alfalfa at about 150 RFV for milking dairy herds and 125 RFV for heifers, stocker cattle and lactating beef cattle. Find more information about the PEAQ quality assessment model found here. While out there, he noticed low levels of alfalfa weevils feeding on the leaves. Scouting detail, thresholds, pictures and more can be found in this ISU ICM article titled “Alfalfa Weevils Active in Northern Iowa.”
The monthly dairy outlook with Mark Stephenson and Bob Cropp is available here.
The barns will be ready for cattle at noon on Friday, May 31 at the Cuming County Fairgrounds in West Point, NE. The show will begin at 10:30 am with showmanship on Saturday, June 1; followed by a judging contest and then conformation classes. All youth and adults across the Midwest are encouraged to exhibit. Entries will be accepted until 9:00 am the morning of the show.